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External Relay

The email relay allows workers to respond to messages from external mail applications (e.g. Gmail, mobile phones, Outlook, etc) instead of requiring them to always use Cerb in the web browser.

Relayed responses are received from a worker’s personal email address and rewritten so they appear to be from Cerb before being sent to a conversation’s recipients. This process protects the privacy of personal worker email addresses, while still providing the benefits of Cerb (e.g. shared history, assignments, etc).


By default, relayed messages are authenticated by checking the mail headers. Copies of mail that are relayed to workers outside of Cerb using Virtual Attendant behavior are “signed” with a secret key in the Message-Id: header. According to the RFC-5322 standard, this Message-Id: should be referenced in the In-Reply-To: header of any reply.

Unfortunately, some email applications “break the Internet” by ignoring these many decade old conventions. Common culprits include Microsoft Exchange and some Android or Blackberry mobile devices.

In the event that the worker relay doesn’t function properly in your environment, you may disable the built-in authentication. Be careful when doing this! When authentication is disabled, anyone can forge a message From: one of your workers and have it relayed to arbitrary conversations. It is very important that you set up alternative authentication using mail filtering behaviors with bots to approve or deny inbound worker replies through the relay.

Many mail servers will reject messages sent from "spoofed" senders. You should leave the From: setting at the default unless you have verified that your mail server allows for spoofed messages.